Back to Journals » Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management » Volume 7

Genitourinary system trauma after 2003 Bam earthquake in Kerman, Iran

Authors Hasan M, Firoozabadi D, Abedinzadeh M, Moslemi MK

Published 9 February 2011 Volume 2011:7 Pages 49—52

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S17133

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Mohammad Hasan Dehghani Firoozabadi1, Mehdi Abedinzadeh2, Mohammad Kazem Moslemi3
1Department of Urology, Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 2Department of Urology, Moradi Hospital, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran; 3Department of Urology, Kamkar Hospital, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Background: Natural disasters, especially earthquakes, result in many health problems all over the world, of which urological injuries should not be underestimated. Car accidents and falling from a height are the most common causes of genitourinary system injury. The lack of specific data in the literature regarding the outcome of earthquake-related genitourinary system trauma prompted us to undertake this study.
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the genitourinary system injury in patients who had survived the Bam earthquake. In this study, all patients admitted to two main back-up hospitals of Kerman were included. Of 256 patients who had been referred to Kerman hospitals, 28 cases were found to have urologic damage on physical examination, intravenous pyelography, abdominopelvic X-ray, and ultrasonography.
Results: Of 28 patients with urologic damage, 22 (78.5%) were male and six (21.5%) were female. Their age ranged from 18 to 65 years. The injures included urethral disruption in 21 cases (75.5%), vesicovaginal fistula in four cases (14%), kidney rupture in two cases (7%) and bladder neck disruption accompanied with total right ureteral disruption and vesicovaginal fistula in a female patient (3.5%).
Conclusion: We have evaluated the incidence of genitourinary injuries after an earthquake disaster for the first time. The most and least common urologic injury in our patients was urethral disruption and ureteral injury, respectively.

Keywords: earthquake, urethral injury, trauma, genitourinary system, renal injury, emergency department
 

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

Does intraperitoneal injection of propofol prior to detorsion improve testes weight and histopathological findings in a rat model?

Amirhassani S, Mehrabi S, Hosseinipanah SM, Iloon Kashkouli A, Torabian S, Moslemi MK

Research and Reports in Urology 2017, 9:101-105

Published Date: 16 June 2017

Mathieu repair of distal and midshaft hypospadias: risks and benefits of foreskin reconstruction versus circumcision

Moslemi MK, Sadighi Gilani MA, Shahrokh H

Research and Reports in Urology 2011, 3:105-108

Published Date: 17 June 2011

Urologist-operated ultrasound and its use in urological outpatient clinics

Mohammad Kazem Moslemi, Behnam Mahfoozi

Patient Preference and Adherence 2011, 5:85-88

Published Date: 24 January 2011

Selenium–vitamin E supplementation in infertile men: effects on semen parameters and pregnancy rate

Mohammad K Moslemi, Samaneh Tavanbakhsh

International Journal of General Medicine 2011, 4:99-104

Published Date: 23 January 2011

Comparative evaluation of prophylactic single-dose intravenous antibiotic with postoperative antibiotics in elective urologic surgery

Mohammad K Moslemi, Seyed M Moosavi Movahed, Akram Heidari, et al

Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2010, 6:551-556

Published Date: 9 November 2010

An improved delivery system for bladder irrigation

Mohammad K Moslemi, Mojtaba Rajaei

Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2010, 6:459-462

Published Date: 30 September 2010

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010