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Genetic variants in insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 are associated with prostate cancer susceptibility in Eastern Chinese Han men

Authors Zhang G, Zhu Y, Liu F, Gu C, Chen H, Xu J, Ye D

Received 13 September 2015

Accepted for publication 9 November 2015

Published 22 December 2015 Volume 2016:9 Pages 61—66


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Ram Prasad

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Daniele Santini

Guiming Zhang,1–3 Yao Zhu,1,2 Fang Liu,4,5 Chengyuan Gu,1,2 Haitao Chen,4,5 Jianfeng Xu,4–6 Dingwei Ye1,2

1Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, 3Department of Urology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Shandong, 4Fudan Institute of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 5State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 6Center for Cancer Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA

Background: Growing evidence has indicated that insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) polymorphisms are associated with altered risk of prostate cancer (PCa). However, few studies have been conducted in Chinese population to validate this association.
Materials and methods: Herein, we examined the association between genetic variants in the IGFBP-3 gene and PCa risk in the Chinese Han population based on a genome-wide association study (1,417 cases and 1,008 controls), and replicated three genetic variants loci in an independent case-control study (1,755 cases and 1,523 controls) using Sequenom platform. Logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs).
Results: We found that in the discovery stage, rs9691259 (OR =0.691, 95% CI: 0.587–0.814, P<0.001) and rs6950179 (OR =1.420, 95% CI: 1.201–1.677, P<0.001) were significantly associated with PCa risk, whereas rs2854744 showed a marginal association with PCa risk. In the replication stage, the association between rs9691259 and rs6950179 and PCa risk was not replicated, whereas rs2854744 conferred a significant association with PCa risk (OR =1.399, 95% CI: 1.010–1.937, P=0.043). After combining the two stages, we found that rs9691259, rs6950179, and rs2854744 were all significantly associated with PCa risk.
Conclusion: This study suggests that IGFBP-3 genetic variants are significantly associated with PCa risk in the Chinese population.

Keywords: IGFBP-3, polymorphism, case-control study, genetic susceptibility

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