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Genetic Polymorphisms of Cytokines Might Affect Postoperative Sufentanil Dosage for Analgesia in Patients

Authors Guo J, Yuan F, Yang Y, Li Y, Bao F, Guo X, Feng Z

Received 17 February 2020

Accepted for publication 6 May 2020

Published 16 June 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1461—1470


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert B. Raffa

Jian Guo,1,2,* Fei Yuan,3,* Yixin Yang,1 Yunze Li,1 Fangping Bao,2 Xuejiao Guo,1 Zhiying Feng1

1Department of Pain Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Anesthesiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Yiwu, Zhejiang 322000, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Shaoxing Second Hospital, Shaoxing, Zhejiang 312000, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Zhiying Feng Email

Objective: To explore the effect of genetic polymorphisms of cytokines on the dosage of sufentanil for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after radical lung cancer surgery.
Methods: A total of 100 patients, aged 18 years and above, with ASA grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ and body mass index (BMI) 18.5 to 30, and who were scheduled for radical lung cancer surgery under total intravenous anaesthesia with PCIA of sufentanil from September 2015 to March 2016, were selected. DNA was collected from peripheral blood samples before surgery, and the iMLDRTM multiple single-nucleotide polymorphism typing kit was used to detect 16 related single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites of interleukin-1A (IL-1A), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-1RN (IL-1RN), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumour necrosis factor (TNF), nuclear factor kappa-B1 (NFκB1), REL (REL proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit), and nuclear factor kappa-B inhibitor alpha (NFκBIA). The general characteristics of patients, surgery and anaesthesia data, postoperative resting VAS pain scores, postoperative opioid dosages of sufentanil for PCIA and opioid-related adverse events were recorded. The effects of the examined genetic polymorphisms of the cytokines on the dosage of sufentanil were analysed.
Results: Eight of 100 patients withdrew for various reasons, and, eventually, 92 patients were included. The patients’ resting visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h after surgery were 2.3 ± 1.2, 2.0 ± 0.9, and 1.9 ± 1.0, respectively. The total amounts of sufentanil used were 34.7 ± 10.5 μg, 65.2 ± 13.7 μg, and 94.7 ± 11.6 μg, respectively. We found that the TT genotype of NFκBIA rs696 had higher PCIA sufentanil dosages than the CC genotype and the CT genotype at 48– 72 h postoperation (p=0.023, p=0.025, respectively).
Conclusion: The genetic polymorphisms of the cytokine NFκBIA rs696 might affect the dosage of sufentanil for PCIA after radical lung cancer surgery. The specific mechanism needs further study.

Keywords: genetic polymorphisms, single-nucleotide polymorphism, SNP, patient-controlled intravenous analgesia, PCIA, nuclear factor kappa-B inhibitor alpha, NFκBIA

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