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Gene expression of hENT1, dCK, CDA, dCMPD and topoisomerase IIα as an indicator of chemotherapy response in AML treated with cytarabine and daunorubicin

Authors Kulsoom B, Shamsi TS, Afsar NA

Received 24 July 2018

Accepted for publication 3 October 2018

Published 9 November 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 5573—5589

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S181299

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Xueqiong Zhu


Bibi Kulsoom,1,2 Tahir Sultan Shamsi,1 Nasir Ali Afsar3

1Center of Excellence in Molecular Medicine, National Institute of Blood Diseases and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan; 2Department of Biochemistry, Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan; 3Department of Pharmacology, Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan

Purpose: Acute myeloid leukemia patients are commonly treated with cytarabine (Ara-C) and anthracyclines but the sustained remission rate is not very promising. We explored the role of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters in the therapeutic response.
Patients and methods: Bone marrow and peripheral blood samples of 90 newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients treated with standard 3+7 regimen were analyzed through real-time PCR for expression of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1, deoxycytidine kinase, cytidine deaminase (CDA), deoxycytidine monophosphate deaminase (dCMPD) and topoisomerase IIα (Topo-IIa). The expression of these markers was studied in relationship with good (persistent remission) and poor therapeutic response (relapse/resistance).
Results: High Topo-IIa expression in peripheral blood was associated with good response (P=0.006). Relapse was higher among low expressors of Topo-IIa in peripheral blood (OR: 26.25). Bone marrow Topo-IIa expression followed a similar trend but did not reach statistical significance. In contrast, patients with high bone marrow dCMPD expression had poor response (OR: 3; P=0.043). One-year disease-free survival (DFS) was better among those with high bone marrow Topo-IIa (P=0.04) or CDA (P=0.03) expression. High bone marrow Topo-IIa expression also had better DFS at 6 months (P=0.04) and at 12 months (P=0.04).
Conclusion: High expression of Topo-IIa in peripheral blood is a favorable indicator of persistent remission, good therapeutic response and DFS. High dCMPD and low CDA expression in bone marrow is associated with poor therapeutic outcome.

Keywords: topoisomerase IIα, hENT1, dCMPD, CDA, dCK, survival, AML, antimetabolites, anthracyclines
 

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