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Gender Differences in the First-Year Antipsychotic Treatment for Chinese First-Episode Schizophrenia

Authors Pu C, Huang B, Zhou T, Cheng Z, Wang Y, Shi C, Yu X

Received 11 September 2020

Accepted for publication 4 December 2020

Published 17 December 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 3145—3152

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S280719

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Taro Kishi


Chengcheng Pu,1,* Bingjie Huang,1,* Tianhang Zhou,1 Zhang Cheng,1 Yi Wang,2 Chuan Shi,1 Xin Yu1

1Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, NHC Key Laboratory of Mental Health (Peking University), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Xin Yu; Chuan Shi
Peking University Sixth Hospital, 51 Huayuan North Road, Beijing 100089, People’s Republic of China
Email yuxin@bjmu.edu.cn; shichuan@bjmu.edu.cn

Objective: To investigate the gender differences in the efficacy and side effects of three frequently used antipsychotic medicines (risperidone, olanzapine, aripiprazole) for patients with first-episode schizophrenia during the first year of treatment.
Methods: A total of 569 patients with first-episode schizophrenia were randomly assigned to risperidone, olanzapine, and aripiprazole groups. All patients were treated according to their actual clinical needs. Clinical efficacies were assessed by the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) and side effects were assessed by the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser Side-Effect scale (UKU). All assessments were completed at baseline and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months.
Results: Males had higher baseline PANSS total scores and PANSS negative and general pathological scores. No significant interactions were found between treatment time and gender in psychopathology improvements in all three groups. In the end of the first year, female patients receiving risperidone reported more dermatological symptoms (rashes) than males, female patients receiving olanzapine reported more autonomic side effects and dermatological symptoms than males, and female patients receiving aripiprazole reported more psychotic side effects than males.
Conclusion: Gender differences exhibited in response to antipsychotic treatments for Chinese patients with first-episode schizophrenia. After the first year of antipsychotic treatment, drug-related side effects were more likely presented in female patients than male patients.

Keywords: first-episode schizophrenia, gender difference, antipsychotic treatment, treatment response, side effects

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