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Gemcitabine and oxaliplatinum: an effective regimen in patients with refractory and relapsing Hodgkin lymphoma

Authors Gutierrez A, Rodriguez J, Martinez-Serra J, Gines J, Paredes P, Garcia F, Vercher J, Balanzat J, del Campo R, Galan P, Morey M, Sampol A, Novo A, Bento L, García L, Bargay J, Besalduch J

Received 29 June 2014

Accepted for publication 14 August 2014

Published 13 November 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 2093—2100


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Faris Farassati

Antonio Gutierrez,1,* Jose Rodriguez,1,* Jordi Martinez-Serra,1 Jordi Gines,2 Pilar Paredes,1 Florencia Garcia,3 Javier Vercher,4 Josep Balanzat,4 Raquel del Campo,5 Pilar Galan,6 Miguel Morey,1 Antonia Sampol,1,7 Andres Novo,1 Leyre Bento,1 Lucia García,1 Joan Bargay,5 Joan Besalduch1,7

1Service of Hematology, 2Service of Pharmacy, 3Service of Oncology, Son Espases University Hospital, Palma de Mallorca, Spain; 4Service of Hematology, Can Misses Hospital, Ibiza, Spain; 5Service of Hematology, Son Llatzer Hospital, Palma, Spain; 6Service of Hematology, Mateu Orfila Hospital, Menorca, Spain; 7Service of Hematology, Policlínica Miramar, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma (IdISPa), Palma, Spain 

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Most Hodgkin lymphomas (HL) can be cured with current strategies. However, one-third of the cases do not respond or relapse and need salvage regimens. We report the results of a retrospective study using the gemcitabine and oxaliplatinum (GemOx) regimen.
Methods: Patients who relapsed or failed to achieve complete response were eligible and received GemOx salvage therapy. To avoid selection bias and thus to overcome the retrospective nature of the study, all treated patients were included from the pharmacy database.
Results: Between 2003–2013, 24 HL patients – relapsing (number [n]=12) or refractory (n=12) – were included, receiving a total of 26 induction treatments with GemOx. Mean previous regimens were 2.38 (42% relapsing after autologous transplantation). Median follow-up was 37 months, and 71% responded (38% of patients achieved complete response). The factors related to better progression-free survival were: B symptoms; response to GemOx; and consolidation with stem cell transplantation. Grades 1 and 2 neurological toxicity was present in 17% of patients. Hematological toxicity was common, with grades 3 and 4 neutropenia (25%) and thrombocytopenia (34%) observed. Progression-free survival was better in patients consolidated with stem cell transplantation. The peripheral blood stem cell collection after GemOx was successful for all candidates.
Conclusion: 1) The GemOx regimen is effective in relapsed or refractory HL with manageable toxicity. 2) No mobilization failures were observed. 3) Consolidation after response is needed. 4) Its efficacy and favorable toxicity profile might make multiple administrations possible in several recurrences in HL.

Keywords: gemcitabine, oxaliplatinum, GemOx, Hodgkin lymphoma, treatment

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