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Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease symptoms and associated risk factors among medical students, Saudi Arabia

Authors Atta MM, Sayed MH, Zayed MA, Alsulami SA, Al-Maghrabi AT, Kelantan AY

Received 27 February 2019

Accepted for publication 25 June 2019

Published 19 August 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 293—298

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S206995

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Melinda Thomas

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Mohamed Magdi Atta,1,2 Mohamed Hisham Sayed,3,4 Mohamed A Zayed,5,6 Sultan A Alsulami,1 Ahmed T Al-Maghrabi,1 Abdulhfeez Y Kelantan1

1Department of Medicine, Rabigh Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt; 3Department of Pediatrics, Rabigh Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 5Department of Physiology, Rabigh Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 6Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibīn Al Koum, Egypt

Correspondence: Mohamed A Zayed
Faculty of Medicine in Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, building 13, P.O. BOX 80205, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 56 260 3213
Fax +966 12 640 0000
Email mazayed@kau.edu.sa

Background and aims: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common gastrointestinal disease worldwide that is associated with impaired quality of life and higher risk of complications. The identification of risk factors is necessary for preventive measures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of GERD symptoms as well as its relation to body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors among medical students of Jeddah and Rabigh branches, King Abdul-Aziz University, Saudi Arabia.
Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine in Rabigh, King Abdul-Aziz University, Saudi Arabia. The study included 197 medical students from Rabigh and Jeddah branches of the university. The study employed a Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire which is derived from a self-administered validated GERD questionnaire (GerdQ).
Results: The prevalence of GERD symptoms was 25.9%. The most frequent symptoms were regurgitation and burning sensation. High BMI, family history, energy drinks and fried food were found to be statistically significant risk factors (p<0.05) by univariate analysis. However, the logistic regression for the prediction of GERD symptoms among medical students showed that only family history had a significant correlation (p<0.05).
Conclusion: GERD symptoms were common in medical students of King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. Family history was found to be a significant predictor of GERD symptoms. Effective educational strategies for groups with significant risk factors of GERD need to be implemented.

Keywords: GERD, risk factors, medical students

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