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Gambogic Acid Inhibits the Progression of Gastric Cancer via circRNA_ASAP2/miR-33a-5p/CDK7 Axis

Authors Lin D, Lin X, He T, Xie G

Received 28 June 2020

Accepted for publication 27 August 2020

Published 28 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 9221—9233


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly

Dan Lin,1 Xiaoyang Lin,2 Tianlin He,1 Guoqun Xie1

1Department of Oncology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Integrated TCM and Western Medicine, The First People’s Hospital of Wenling, Wenling, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Dan Lin Department of Oncology
Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 128 Henggao Road, Gaojing Town, Baoshan District, Shanghai 200439, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 15801988721
Fax +86 21-65161782-1663
Email [email protected]

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a major cancer-related mortality disease. Gambogic acid (GA) has been investigated to inhibit cancer progression. In the present study, the molecular mechanism of GA in regulating GC progression was studied.
Methods: The expression levels of circular RNA ASAP2 (circ_ASAP2), miR-33a-5p and cyclin-dependent kinases 7 (CDK7) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase reaction (qRT-PCR). CDK7 protein level was evaluated by Western blot. Cell colony formation assay, 3-(4,5-Dimethylthazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, transwell assay and flow cytometry analysis were employed to reveal the functional effects among circ_ASAP2, miR-33a-5p and CDK7 on GA-induced GC progression. Mechanistically, the binding relationship between miR-33a-5p and circ_ASAP2 or CDK7 was predicted with starBase v3.0 online database and verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. In vivo tumor formation assay was used to explain the impacts of GA treatment on GC growth in vivo.
Results: Circ_ASAP2 and CDK7 expression were downregulated in GA-induced GC cells compared with GC cells. MiR-33a-5p expression was upregulated in GA-induced GC cells relative to GC cells. The protein expression level of CDK7 was lower in GA-induced GC cells than that in GC cells. Further, circ_ASAP2 overexpression decreased GA-induced inhibition effects on cell proliferation, migration and invasion and GA-induced promotion effect on cell apoptosis in both AGS and HGC-27 cells, whereas this phenomenon was reversed by miR-33a-5p. In addition, circ_ASAP2 functioned as a sponge of miR-33a-5p and miR-33a-5p was associated with CDK7. Furthermore, GA treatment inhibited GC growth in vivo.
Conclusion: Circ_ASAP2 overexpression promoted cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whereas inhibited cell apoptosis by upregulating CDK7 expression through binding to miR-33a-5p in GA-induced GC cells. This study provided a theoretical basis in GC treatment with GA.

Keywords: gambogic acid, circ_ASAP2, miR-33a-5p, CDK7, gastric cancer

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