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Gabapentin enacarbil for antipsychotic induced akathisia in schizophrenia patients: a pilot open-labeled study

Authors Takeshima M, Ishikawa H, Kanbayashi T, Shimizu T

Received 15 August 2018

Accepted for publication 2 November 2018

Published 22 November 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 3179—3184

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S184081

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Taro Kishi


Masahiro Takeshima,1 Hiroyasu Ishikawa,2 Takashi Kanbayashi,1 Tetsuo Shimizu3

1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita City, Akita 010-8543, Japan; 2Department of Neuropsychiatry, Nakadori Rehabilitation Hospital, Akita City, Akita 010-0001, Japan; 3Akita Prefectural Mental Health and Welfare Center, Akita City, Akita 010-0001, Japan

Objective:
Gabapentin and its prodrug are candidate therapeutic agents for akathisia. An open-label pilot study was conducted to investigate the therapeutic potential of gabapentin enacarbil (GE) for akathisia.
Methods: In an open-labeled investigator-initiated clinical trial, nine outpatients with antipsychotics-induced akathisia were administered GE (300 or 600 mg/day) over 2 weeks. The BARS global akathisia score was used to assess akathisia. The BPRS was used to assess psychiatric symptoms. The subjects were also systematically questioned regarding the adverse events described in an interview form following GE treatment. An intension-to-treat analysis including all patients enrolled in the present study was completed.
Results: One patient declined to participate further in the study on the third day after the start of treatment. Eight patients thus completed the entire trial (male: 2, female: 6, age [mean±SD]: 38.8±11.6 years). The average dosage of GE was 567 mg/day (300 mg/day [n=1], 600 mg/day [n=8]). The BARS global akathisia score significantly decreased after 1 and 2 weeks of treatment when compared to baseline (P=0.01 and P=0.01, respectively). There were no significant differences in BPRS score 1 or 2 weeks after the start of treatment. No serious adverse events occurred.
Conclusion: GE has therapeutic potential for antipsychotics-induced akathisia. No additional risk of GE use for the management of akathisia was indicated.

Keywords: clinical trial, antipsychotic agents, restless legs syndrome, schizophrenia
 

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