GABAB receptor activation ameliorates spatial memory impairments in stress-exposed rats
Received 3 March 2019
Accepted for publication 14 May 2019
Published 30 May 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 1497—1506
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Hedayat Sahraei,1 Majid Askaripour,1 Khadijeh Esmaeilpour,2 Fatemeh Shahsavari,3 Soodeh Rajabi,4 Nasroallah Moradi-Kor5
1Neuroscience Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 3Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran; 4Physiology Research Center and Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 5Research Center of Physiology, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Objective: Due to the prevalence of stress in modern life and its impact on spatial memory, the role of inhibitory systems in brain areas such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in reducing stress is important. The current study aimed to examine the response of NAc shell GABAB receptors to stress and the role of intraperitoneally (i.p.) and intra-NAc injection of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen on spatial memory impairments in stress-exposed rats.
Methods: Eighty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into ten groups (n=8): two were control groups for intra-NAc and i.p baclofen; two groups were subjected to stress and injected with saline (baclofen vehicle); three groups were given baclofen (1, 5, and 10 μg/rat) intra-NAc 5 mins before stress was induced; and three groups received baclofen (1, 5, and 10 mg/kg/i.p.) 30 mins before being subjected to stress. Foot-shock stress was applied for 7 consecutive days. Behavioral assays using the Barnes maze were performed 24 hrs after the last baclofen injection.
Results: Both the intra-NAc and the i.p administration of baclofen dose-dependently reduced escape latency and total distance and increased velocity in the treatment groups in the training trials. In the probe test, the rats that had received 5 mg/kg of baclofen had the highest target frequency, but there no significant differences were observed in velocity, duration, or distance to the target between the groups.
Conclusion: According to the findings, baclofen can dose-dependently improve spatial memory, and GABAB receptor in the NAc plays an important role in spatial memory.
Keywords: baclofen, spatial memory, nucleus accumbens, stress, male rat
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