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The usefulness of ozone treatment in spinal pain

Authors Bocci V, Borrelli E, Zanardi I, Travagli V

Received 18 September 2014

Accepted for publication 29 November 2014

Published 15 May 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 2677—2685


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou

Velio Bocci,1 Emma Borrelli,2 Iacopo Zanardi,1 Valter Travagli1

1Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Università degli Studi di Siena, 2Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Objective: The aim of this review is to elucidate the biochemical, molecular, immunological, and pharmaceutical mechanisms of action of ozone dissolved in biological fluids. Studies performed during the last two decades allow the drawing of a comprehensive framework for understanding and recommending the integration of ozone therapy for spinal pain.
Methods: An in-depth screening of primary sources of information online – via SciFinder Scholar, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases as well as Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews – was performed. In this review, the most significant papers of the last 25 years are presented and their proposals critically evaluated, regardless of the bibliometric impact of the journals.
Results: The efficacy of standard treatments combined with the unique capacity of ozone therapy to reactivate the innate antioxidant system is the key to correcting the oxidative stress typical of chronic inflammatory diseases. Pain pathways and control systems of algesic signals after ozone administration are described.
Conclusion: This paper finds favors the full insertion of ozone therapy into pharmaceutical sciences, rather than as either an alternative or an esoteric approach.

Keywords: oxidants, oxidative stress, antioxidants

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