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Evaluation of the protective effects of curcuminoid (curcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin)-loaded liposomes against bone turnover in a cell-based model of osteoarthritis

Authors Yeh C, Su Y, Lin Y, Chen P, Shi C, Chen C, Chang H

Received 27 November 2014

Accepted for publication 27 January 2015

Published 20 April 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 2285—2300


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Wei Duan

Chih-Chang Yeh,1,2 Yu-Han Su,3 Yu-Jhe Lin,3 Pin-Jyun Chen,3 Chung-Sheng Shi,1 Cheng-Nan Chen,3,* Hsin-I Chang3,*

1Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, Republic of China; 2Orthopaedic Department, Chiayi Branch, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, Republic of China; 3Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, National Chiayi University, Chiayi, Taiwan, Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Curcumin (Cur) and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC), extracted from Curcuma longa, are poorly water-soluble polyphenol compounds that have shown anti-inflammatory potential for the treatment of osteoarthritis. To increase cellular uptake of Cur and BDMC in bone tissue, soybean phosphatidylcholines were used for liposome formulation. In this study, curcuminoid (Cur and BDMC)-loaded liposomes were characterized in terms of particle size, encapsulation efficiency, liposome stability, and cellular uptake. The results show that there is about 70% entrapment efficiency of Cur and BDMC in liposomes and that particle sizes are stable after liposome formation. Both types of liposome can inhibit macrophage inflammation and osteoclast differential activities. In comparison with free drugs (Cur and BDMC), curcuminoid-loaded liposomes were less cytotoxic and expressed high cellular uptake of the drugs. Of note is that Cur-loaded liposomes can prevent liposome-dependent inhibition of osteoblast differentiation and mineralization, but BDMC-loaded liposomes could not. With interleukin (IL)-1β stimulation, curcuminoid-loaded liposomes can successfully downregulate the expression of inflammatory markers on osteoblasts, and show a high osteoprotegerin (OPG)/receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) ratio to prevent osteoclastogenesis. In the present study, we demonstrated that Cur and BDMC can be successfully encapsulated in liposomes and can reduce osteoclast activity and maintain osteoblast functions. Therefore, curcuminoid-loaded liposomes may slow osteoarthritis progression.

Keywords: liposome, osteoarthritis, curcuminoid, OPG/RANKL ratio, bone turnover

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