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Effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of levomilnacipran following a single oral dose of levomilnacipran extended-release capsule in humans

Authors Chen L, Greenberg W, Brand-Schieber E, Wangsa J, Periclou A, Ghahramani P

Received 25 March 2015

Accepted for publication 20 May 2015

Published 25 June 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 3293—3300

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S85418

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou


Laishun Chen, William M Greenberg, Elimor Brand-Schieber, Julie Wangsa, Antonia Periclou, Parviz Ghahramani

Forest Research Institute, a subsidiary of Actavis Inc., Jersey City, NJ, USA

Purpose: Levomilnacipran extended-release (ER) is indicated for treatment of major depressive disorder in adults. We evaluated the pharmacokinetic and safety profile of levomilnacipran ER in individuals with impaired renal function.
Methods: A total of 32 individuals participated in four groups (eight in each group) with normal, mild, moderately, or severely impaired renal function. Each participant received one dose of levomilnacipran ER 40 mg. Blood and urine were assayed using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Results between normal and renally impaired groups were compared using analysis of variance. Safety measures included adverse events, laboratory evaluations, vital signs, suicidality, and electrocardiograms.
Results: Following administration of levomilnacipran, mean (standard deviation) maximum plasma concentration in participants with normal renal function, and mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment was 83.9 (21.0), 81.8 (23.4), 98.7 (18.1), and 122.1 (35.1) (ng/mL), respectively; area under the curve from time zero to infinity was 2,101.0 (516.9), 2,587.8 (649.9), 4,016.4 (995.4), and 5,900.8 (1,799.3) (h·ng/mL), respectively; terminal elimination half-life was 13.5 (2.8), 17.3 (3.5), 19.1 (4.6), and 27.7 (7.4) (hours), respectively; and renal clearance was 175.9 mL/min, 114.7 mL/min, 69.9 mL/min, and 28.6 mL/min, respectively. Levomilnacipran ER was generally well tolerated with no safety issues of concern identified.
Conclusion: Renal impairment was associated with increased plasma levels of levomilnacipran and prolonged half-life. No dose adjustment is required for individuals with mild renal impairment; the recommended maximum daily maintenance dose of levomilnacipran ER should not exceed 80 mg for individuals with moderate renal impairment and 40 mg for individuals with severe renal impairment.

Keywords: antidepressant, F2695, SNRI, pharmacokinetics, renal function, major depressive disorder

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