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Apparent histological changes of adipocytes after treatment with CL 316,243, a ß-3-adrenergic receptor agonist

Authors Ghorbani M, Teimourian S, Farzad R, Namvar Asl N

Received 7 September 2014

Accepted for publication 29 September 2014

Published 11 February 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 669—676


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou

Masoud Ghorbani,1,2,* Shahram Teimourian,3,* Reza Farzad,4 Nabiollah Namvar Asl4

1Research and Development Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Biochemistry, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 3Department of Medical Genetics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 4Department of Animal Science, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Research and Production Complex, Karaj, Iran

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background and objectives: The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of CL 316,243 (CL) (a highly selective ß3-adrenergic receptor agonist) on cellular changes occurring in retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (RWAT) of lean and obese rats.
Methods: Ten-month-old lean and obese Zucker rats were implanted subcutaneously with osmotic mini-pumps, infusing either saline or CL (1 mg/kg body weight/day) for 4 weeks.
Results: There was no effect of CL on food intake. However, the resting metabolic rate in lean and obese rats increased by 55% and 96% per rat, respectively. Total RWAT weight decreased in both lean and obese rats under influence of CL treatment by 65% and 38%, respectively. Total body weight and body fat were lower in CL treated rats. Detection of uncoupling protein 1(UCP1) in RWAT was confirmed qualitatively by both immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence using a rabbit anti rat UCP1 antibody which showed the appearance of a marked increase of this protein in the adipose tissue. Stained semi-thin sections (0.5 µm) also demonstrated abundant nuclei in multilocular adipocytes, in endothelial cells associated with the vasculature, and in interstitial cells. In CL-treated obese rats, a clustering of several multilocular cells around the periphery of a white adipocyte was seen.
Conclusion: These results indicate that treatment of both lean and obese Zucker rats with CL induces extensive remodeling of RWAT that includes shrinkage of white adipose tissue, appearance of abundant multilocular cells in RWAT together with the appearance of a marked increase of UCP, preferentially in lean rats.

Keywords: brown adipose tissue, cellularity of adipose tissue, obesity, thermogenesis, uncoupling protein, Zucker rats

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