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Frequency of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 in ovarian cancer patients and their effect on treatment outcome

Authors Ashour M, Ezzat Shafik H

Received 26 February 2019

Accepted for publication 17 May 2019

Published 8 July 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 6275—6284

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S206817

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li


Mohamed Ashour1,2, Hanan Ezzat Shafik3

1Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Kuwait, Egypt; 2Department of Medical Oncology, Kuwait Cancer Control Centre, Farwanyia, Ragai, Kuwait, Egypt; 3Medical Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Giza, Cairo, Egypt

Aim of work: Reporting the incidence and the variants of BRCA1/2 mutations in ovarian cancer patients exploring their effects on the treatment outcomes.
Patients and methods: In total, 104 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer were prospectively recruited to the study. Analysis consisted of the sequencing of all the translated exons and immediately adjacent intronic regions of the BRCA1/2 genes. Responses to multiple lines of chemotherapy were assessed, as well as the effect of BRCA gene mutations on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).
Results: Pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutations were found in 21.15% of the patients. BRCA1 mutations represented 68.2% of the total mutations. Two novel BRCA1 mutations were identified. Age at diagnosis was a strong predictor of the presence of a pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutation. Patients with a family history of cancer had a higher incidence of BRCA mutations (P=0.005). As high as 72% of the patients with BRCA mutations were diagnosed at advanced stage. High-grade serous tumors have a higher incidence of pathogenic mutation (P=0.07). Response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was high (93.9%). All patients underwent surgery which was optimal in 73.1% of the patients. As high as 85.6% of the patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. Relapse rate was 45.2%. Visceral metastasis was more often in BRCA carriers (P=0.01). Patients carrying pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutations had a longer median PFS of 42.43 months (95% CI 32.04–52.83) compared to 22.24 months (95% CI 14.83–29.58) for non-carriers (P=0.08). OS was 64.32 months (95% CI 38.09–90.06) for BRCA mutation patients versus 56.63 months (95% CI 50.05–63.21) (P=0.04) for non-carriers. In multivariate analysis, early stage at diagnosis and optimal debulking were the only independent predictors of better PFS and OS.
Conclusion: We documented a number of pathogenic BRCA1 and 2 mutations in this patients cohort; two novel mutations were detected. BRCA status seemed to affect survival in ovarian cancer patients.

Keywords: hereditary, ovarian, cancer, mutation, platinum, sensitive

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