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Four cycles of adriamycin and cyclophosphamide followed by four cycles of docetaxel (NSABP-B27) with concomitant trastuzumab as neoadjuvant therapy for high-risk, early-stage, HER2-positive breast cancer patients

Authors Abdel-Razeq H, Saadeh SS, Abu-Nasser M, Abdulelah H, Marie L, Salam M, Al-Haj Ali B, Ibrahim M, Rimawi D

Received 17 September 2017

Accepted for publication 3 January 2018

Published 11 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 2091—2096


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Faris Farassati

Hikmat Abdel-Razeq,1,2 Salwa S Saadeh,1 Mahmoud Abu-Nasser,1 Hazem Abdulelah,1 Lina Marie,1 Murad Salam,1 Basel Al-Haj Ali,1 Mohammad Ibrahim,1 Dalia Rimawi3

1Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Hematology and Medical Oncology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan; 2School of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; 3Office of Scientific Affairs and Research, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan

Background: The majority of breast cancer patients in Jordan are diagnosed at a young age and present with metastatic or locally advanced disease. The National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Protocol B27 (NSABP-B27) (four cycles of adriamycin and cyclophosphamide [AC] followed by four cycles of docetaxel) is a standard neoadjuvant regimen in our institution. In this study, we report the efficacy of adding trastuzumab to docetaxel in this regimen for high-risk human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive early-stage disease.
Patients and methods: Consecutive HER2-positive breast cancer patients treated with this regimen were included. Treatment was given at standard doses and schedules as reported in NSABP-B27. Trastuzumab was given with docetaxel and then continued for 1 year.
Results: A total of 121 patients (mean age 45.4 years) were included. The majority had high-risk features including large tumor size, positive axillary lymph nodes, and grade III disease. Three patients did not complete the planned cycles of AC due to a lack of response. Eight (6.6%) patients missed at least one cycle of docetaxel. Following neoadjuvant therapy, 119 patients underwent surgery, of whom 59 (49.6%) patients achieved pathological complete response. The response was higher in node-negative patients (64.0 vs 45.7%; P=0.03) and in hormone receptor-negative disease patients (69.7 vs 41.9%; P=0.018). Breast-conserving surgery was performed in 21.5% of the patients. The median disease-free survival (DFS) for the whole group was not reached while the 3- and 5-year DFS rates were 84.2 and 74.1%, respectively.
Conclusion: Trastuzumab added to the NSABP-B27 regimen is a unique combination. When used in high-risk patients, as in our study, outcomes similar to reported data were achieved without unexpected toxicities.

Keywords: breast cancer, HER2, neoadjuvant, trastuzumab, NSABP-B27

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