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Fosaprepitant dimeglumine for the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: patient selection and perspectives

Authors Candelario N, Lu M

Received 26 January 2016

Accepted for publication 4 May 2016

Published 22 June 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 77—82


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kenan Onel

Nellowe Candelario, Marvin Louis Roy Lu

Department of Medicine, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Abstract: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a debilitating side effect of antineoplastic agents. Several treatment regimens are used to address this problem. Fosaprepitant is a neurokinin-1 receptor blocker used in the prevention and treatment of CINV, especially for moderately and severely emetogenic chemotherapy. It is highly effective in the treatment of delayed CINV. Data from previous studies show that fosaprepitant is noninferior to aprepitant in the management of CINV. Fosaprepitant is given as a single-dose intravenous infusion, thus offering better patient compliance. The dose-limiting side effect of fosaprepitant is infusion-related reaction, ranging from pain at the infusion site to thrombophlebitis. This side effect has been reported with coadministration of anthracycline agents.

Keywords: chemotherapy nausea and vomiting, fosaprepitant, neurokinin inhibitor

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