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First-line treatment of women with advanced ovarian cancer: focus on bevacizumab

Authors Marchetti C, Muzii L, Romito A, Benedetti Panici P

Received 12 September 2018

Accepted for publication 27 December 2018

Published 8 February 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1095—1103


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr William Cho

Claudia Marchetti, Ludovico Muzii, Alessia Romito, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici

Department of Gynecological-Obstetrical and Urological Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Abstract: Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer death in women in Europe. Despite the progress, almost 70% of the patients relapse. The standard treatment is cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-taxane chemotherapy; in patients with a disseminated disease, one option is neoadjuvant chemotherapy with delayed surgery (ie, interval debulking surgery). The most important change in the last decades involved the schedule treatment and the addition of new drugs to first-line therapy. Because of the pathogenetic role of angiogenesis in solid-tumor growth and metastasis, research has been concentrated on anti-angiogenetic drug. Bevacizumab, the most promising anti-angiogenetic drug, is a humanized monoclonal IgG antibody that targets vascular endothelial growth factor receptor. It was approved on December 23, 2011 by the European Medicines Agency and on June 13, 2018 by the Food and Drug administration as first-line treatment in epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer stage III or IV in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel. There are still some doubts, regarding the schedule, dosage, duration of the treatment, safety, and tolerability, both in first-line and in neoadjuvant chemotherapy treatments. This review tries to answer clinical practice questions and summarizes the evidence from Phase III studies, emerging data, and ongoing trials.

Keywords: ovarian cancer, first-line treatment, bevacizumab, anti-angiogenesis

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