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Findings of secondary corneal amyloidosis with ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography

Authors Araki-Sasaki K, Osakabe Y, Fukuoka H, Ideta R, Hirano K

Received 8 July 2014

Accepted for publication 9 August 2014

Published 14 October 2014 Volume 2014:8 Pages 2115—2119

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S70759

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Kaoru Araki-Sasaki,1 Yasuhiro Osakabe,2 Hideki Fukuoka,3 Ryuichi Ideta,4 Koji Hirano5

1Department of Ophthalmology, Japan Community Health Care Organization, Hoshigaoka Medical Center, Hirakata, 2Department of Molecular Pathology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, 4Ideta Eye Hospital, Kumamoto, 5Department of Ophthalmology, Ban Buntane Hotokukai Hospital, School of Medicine, Fujita Health University, Nagoya, Japan

Purpose: To describe observations by ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a secondary corneal amyloidosis (SCA) patient with histological analysis of excised tissue. A unique finding under OCT of her fellow eye is also described.
Case: A 39-year-old female had suffered from trichiasis in both of her eyes for more than 30 years. Slit-lamp examination showed a milky-white soft mass on her left cornea and a linear opacity on the fellow cornea at the cilia-attached region. OCT demonstrated the presence of a mass region within a thin epithelial layer and no destruction of Bowman’s layer in her left cornea. In the fellow cornea, which exhibited a linear opacity, a high-density spot in Bowman’s layer was observed at the cilia-attached region covered by the epithelial layer, with normal thickness. Histological examination of the excised cornea showed that the mass was positive with both Congo red and antilactoferrin antibody.
Conclusion: SCA, amyloid gradually accumulates above Bowman’s layer, occupying the epithelial layer, with no destruction of Bowman’s layer until the advanced stage. A high-density spot in Bowman’s layer might be the first stage of SCA.

Keywords: OCT, secondary corneal amyloidosis, lactoferrin, cornea

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