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Fibrin-thrombin sealant does not reduce lymphocele formation in patients with inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer

Authors Saner FAM, Schötzau A, Mackay G, Heinzelmann-Schwarz V, Montavon Sartorius C

Received 5 December 2018

Accepted for publication 19 February 2019

Published 30 April 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 3575—3582

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S197143

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo


Flurina AM Saner,1 Andreas Schötzau,2 Gillian Mackay,1 Viola Heinzelmann-Schwarz,1,2 Céline Montavon Sartorius1

1Department of Gynecology and Gynecological Oncology, Hospital for Women, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Ovarian Cancer Research, Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Purpose: Inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy (IFLD) is associated with very high morbidity. Fibrin sealant patches are used in various surgical procedures to prevent hematomas and lymphoceles. Here, we report a single-institution experience of fibrin sealants after IFLD in vulvar cancer and give an overview of the current literature.
Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed outcome data on vulvar cancer patients who underwent bilateral IFLD between November 2014 and June 2016 at the University Hospital Basel. A fibrin sealant patch (Tachosil®,) was placed in one groin only. Postsurgical fluid collection and complications were compared between both groins; time courses of lymphocele formation were analyzed using a linear mixed-effects regression model.
Results: Postsurgical outcome of 11 consecutive patients with bilateral IFLD for vulvar cancer was assessed for a median follow-up of 32 days (range 12–77). Significantly larger lymphoceles were detected over time in the groin with the fibrin sealant patch (median 20 mL vs 5 mL without patch, p=0.002), and more punctures for symptomatic lymphocele were required on this side. The infection rate did not differ between sides.
Conclusion: Fibrin sealant patches should not routinely be used for prevention of lymphoceles after IFLD for vulvar cancer. They do not seem to reduce lymph collection, the need for puncture or the infection risk after lymphadenectomy in our experience and according to a general literature review.

Keywords: lymphedema, lymphovascular leakage, gynecological malignancy, fibrin sealant, TachoSil®
 

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