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Fecal calprotectin in inflammatory bowel disease

Authors Walsham N, Sherwood R

Received 20 April 2015

Accepted for publication 13 July 2015

Published 28 January 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 21—29

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S51902

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Andreas M Kaiser

Natalie E Walsham,1 Roy A Sherwood2

1Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University Hospital Lewisham, Lewisham, 2Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Viapath at King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Abstract: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome share many symptoms. While irritable bowel syndrome is a functional bowel disorder for which no specific treatment is available, the range of effective therapies for IBD is evolving rapidly. Accurate diagnosis of IBD is therefore essential. Clinical assessment, together with various imaging modalities and endoscopy, has been the mainstay of diagnosis for many years. Fecal biomarkers of gastrointestinal inflammation have appeared in the past decade, of which calprotectin, a neutrophil cytosolic protein, has been studied the most. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic remitting and relapsing diseases, and objective assessment of disease activity and response to treatment are important. This review focuses on the use of fecal calprotectin measurements in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with IBD.

Keywords: calprotectin, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammation
 

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