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Feasibility Study for the Long-Term Management of Refractory Hyperkeratotic Eczema with Calcipotriol and Betamethasone Dipropionate (Daivobet®), Viaminate and Concomitant Conventional Therapies: A Retrospective Study

Authors Nabatanzi A, Mafuru M, Male M, Tian C, Zhang L, Wu T, Wu S, Huang C

Received 9 August 2020

Accepted for publication 26 September 2020

Published 29 October 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 789—794

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S276148

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg


Amelia Nabatanzi,1 Magesa Mafuru,2 Musa Male,3 Chunxia Tian,4 Lingyun Zhang,1 Ting Wu,1 Shidi Wu,1 Changzheng Huang1

1Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Changzheng Huang
Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-13971176116
Fax +86-27-85768188
Email hcz0501@126.com

Background: The available treatments for refractory hyperkeratotic eczema are inadequate with frustrating results. We, therefore, incorporated Calcipotriol and Betamethasone Dipropionate (Daivobet®), and Viaminate into the mainstay treatment to improve the clinical symptoms. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Daivobet® and Viaminate as a potential treatment alternative for refractory hyperkeratotic eczema.
Patients and Methods: Between 2013 and 2015, 61 patients diagnosed with refractory hyperkeratotic eczema (RHE) who had shown inadequate response to conventional therapies were pooled from a single center. Besides, they were all treated with Daivobet®, Viaminate, and an occlusive dressing mixture containing 5% salicylic acid ointment and 25% zinc oxide paste following inadequate response to conventional therapies (corticosteroids plus 25% zinc oxide paste and 5% salicylic acid ointment). Investigators Global Assessment (IGA) and Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM) assessed baseline and outcome measures for the degree of hyperkeratinization (0-clear; 3-moderate; 4-severe).
Results: Of the 61 patients, 49 (80.3%) patients presented with moderate RHE and 12 (19.7%) with severe RHE. After 24 weeks of treatment, the period for loss of keratinization was significantly lower in patients with moderate RHE (3.9± 1.9 weeks) than those with severe RHE (10.8± 1.0 weeks) with a P-value < 0.01. Furthermore, they required a significantly shorter total treatment duration (10.6 ± 4.3 weeks) than those with severe RHE (20.3± 3.6 weeks) with a P-value of < 0.01. However, there were no significant differences in post hoc analysis at week 36 with P-values of 0.46 and 1.00 for IGA and POEM, respectively.
Conclusion: Our results showed that the incorporation of Viaminate and Daivobet® into mainstay treatment was effective and safe for the long-term management of RHE.

Keywords: refractory, hyperkeratosis, eczema, Viaminate, Daivobet®

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