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Fat embolism due to bilateral femoral fracture: a case report

Authors Porpodis K, Karanikas M, Zarogoulidis P, Konoglou M, Domvri K, Mitrakas A, Boglou P, Bakali S, Iordanidis A, Zervas V, Courcoutsakis N, Katsikogiannis N, Zarogoulidis K

Received 28 November 2011

Accepted for publication 13 December 2011

Published 16 January 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 59—63

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S28455

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Konstantinos Porpodis1, Michael Karanikas2, Paul Zarogoulidis1, Maria Konoglou3, Kalliopi Domvri1, Alexandros Mitrakas2, Panagiotis Boglou4, Stamatia Bakali5, Alkis Iordanidis6, Vasilis Zervas1, Nikolaos Courcoutsakis6, Nikolaos Katsikogiannis7, Konstantinos Zarogoulidis1
1
Pulmonary Department, “G Papanikolaou” General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 21st Surgery Department, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, 31st Pulmonary Department, “G Papanikolaou” General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece; 4Pulmonary Department, 5Microbiology Department, 6Radiology Department, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece; 7Surgery Department (NHS), University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece

Abstract: Fat embolism syndrome is usually associated with surgery for large bone fractures. Symptoms usually occur within 36 hours of hospitalization after traumatic injury. We present a case with fat embolism syndrome due to femur fracture. Prompt supportive treatment of the patient’s respiratory system and additional pharmaceutical treatment provided the positive clinical outcome. There is no specific therapy for fat embolism syndrome; prevention, early diagnosis, and adequate symptomatic treatment are very important. Most of the studies in the last 20 years have shown that the incidence of fat embolism syndrome is reduced by early stabilization of the fractures and the risk is even further decreased with surgical correction rather than conservative management.

Keywords: fat embolism syndrome, trauma, femur fracture, ARDS

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