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Exploring Physiology Through Working Model Preparation by Undergraduate Students

Authors Pant J, Pant MK, Patil PM

Received 10 October 2019

Accepted for publication 3 January 2020

Published 25 February 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 171—176


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Anwarul Azim Majumder

Jayanti Pant,1 Mahendra K Pant,2 Prashant M Patil1

1Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India; 2Department of Anatomy, Government Doon Medical College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence: Prashant M Patil
Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand 249203, India
Tel +91 84 75 000 299

Background: Physiology is a foundation for studying medicine. Student-centred learning methods are needed for a better understanding of the subject. Preparation of working models by students in Physiology is expected to provide better understanding of the subject since they learn by doing these themselves. The present study was designed to understand the effectiveness of a working model making activity for first-year undergraduate medical students.
Methods: The participants were 97 first-year medical undergraduate students. These students were divided into teams. The topics to prepare working models were chosen by the students according to their interests. The models were prepared by using clay, thermocol, batteries, motors, etc. by the students. These models were displayed in an exhibition organized by the department and marks were awarded to the students according to their performance. A feedback questionnaire form was provided to the students, which they had to complete individually. The questionnaires were analyzed to understand the perception of students regarding the activity.
Results: Of the students, 35% strongly agreed and 52% agreed that model making was a useful exercise and helped them in understanding Physiology. Of the students, 27% strongly agreed and 50% agreed that their understanding improved with this assignment and 32% of students strongly agreed and 58% agreed that this activity allowed them to analyze the topic and think logically. Of the students, 36% strongly agreed and 50% agreed that they gained confidence in the topic while they were preparing the model and seeing it functioning. Of the students, 37% strongly agreed and 46% agreed that they had the opportunity to work in a team. Of the students,  39% strongly agreed and 47% agreed that faculty had supported them appropriately. Most of the students agreed that they would recommend such activities to their friends studying in medical colleges elsewhere.
Conclusion: The students found the activity not only interesting but useful and would encourage their friends studying elsewhere to participate in such activities.

Keywords: working models, learning by doing, concept developing, bloom’s taxonomy, team activity

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