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Exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward older adults with hypertension in primary care

Authors Chotisiri L, Yamarat K, Taneepanichskul S

Received 9 May 2016

Accepted for publication 2 July 2016

Published 26 October 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 559—564


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Luckwirun Chotisiri, Khemika Yamarat, Surasak Taneepanichskul

College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand

Purpose: High blood pressure increases the risk of cardiovascular and kidney diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore a baseline of hypertension knowledge, attitudes, and practices among older adults with hypertension at a sub-district Health Promoting Hospital in the Pathum Thani province of Thailand.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of the sub-district Health Promoting Hospital, one of the primary care sectors, between January and March 2015, and a total of 144 cases were recruited. All clinical parameters were collected and a structured questionnaire was used. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and chi-square tests.
Results: Most of the participants (74.3%) were females, and their mean age was 66.1 years. Two-thirds (66.7%) were married, unemployed/retired (67.4%), and had completed elementary education (79.2%). The screenings showed that their mean blood pressure was 136.4 (±14.4)/79.2 (±10.1) mmHg, the group’s mean body mass index was 24.9 kg/m2 (± 3.6 kg/m2), and their mean waist circumference was 88.6 cm (±7.1 cm) for males and 85.7 cm (±6.8 cm) for females. In addition, their mean score of hypertension knowledge was high, and most of the participants had a neutral attitude toward hypertension; their practices in terms of dietary and exercise habits for controlling blood pressure were low in nature.
This study indicated that increasing patients’ practices would be useful for promoting their healthy behaviors to achieve blood pressure control.

aging, blood pressure, community, health behavior, screening

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