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Exploration of n-6 and n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Metabolites Associated with Nutritional Levels in Patients with Severe Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Authors Xue M, Cai C, Guan L, Xu Y, Lin J, Zeng Y, Hu H, Chen R, Wang H, Zhou L, Sun B

Received 11 January 2020

Accepted for publication 30 April 2020

Published 10 July 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 1633—1642

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S245617

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Chunxue Bai


Mingshan Xue,1,* Chuanxu Cai,2,* Lili Guan,1,* Yifan Xu,1 Jinsheng Lin,1 Yifeng Zeng,1 Haisheng Hu,1 Rongchang Chen,1 Hongman Wang,3 Luqian Zhou,1 Baoqing Sun1

1Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center of Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Shenzhen Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Shenzhen People’s Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Southern University of Science and Technology, Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University Zhuhai, Zhuhai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Luqian Zhou; Baoqing Sun Email zhlx09@163.com; sunbaoqing@vip.163.com

Background and Objective: Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the terminal stage of the disease characterized by declined lung function, malnutrition, and poor prognosis. Such patients cannot tolerate long-time sports rehabilitation owing to dyspnea and fail to achieve the desired therapeutic effect; therefore, increasing nutritional support will be an important strategy for them. The present study applied metabolomics technology to evaluate the correlation between serum concentrations of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolites, nutritional status, and lung function in patients with COPD to provide a theoretical basis for accurate nutritional support.
Materials and Methods: We enrolled 82 patients with stable severe COPD in our hospital. The general characteristics including height, weight, and lung function were recorded. Metabolomics was used to detect the concentrations of serum metabolites of n-3 and n-6 at baseline and at 24 and 52 weeks after enrollment. The correlations between nutrition level and pulmonary function and clinical indicators were evaluated.
Results: The concentrations of n-3 and n-6 increased over time along with the progression of COPD. Body mass index (BMI) and percent of ideal body weight (IBW%) decreased with disease development, and BMI was found to be significantly correlated with FEV1% predicted and FEV1/FVC. Serum levels of n-6 metabolites such as linoleic acid (LA), γ-linoleic acid (GLA), and arachidonic acid (ARA) (all P < 0.01) and the n-3 metabolites such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (all P < 0.05) showed significant correlations with BMI and were closely correlated with FEV1% predicted and FEV1/FVC of lung function (all P< 0.05).
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that malnutrition in patients with severe COPD is progressive and is positively correlated with n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and lung function.

Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, metabolomics, nutritional level

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