Experiences of Patients Undergoing Bowel Preparation and Colonoscopy: A Qualitative Longitudinal Study
Received 10 November 2020
Accepted for publication 6 January 2021
Published 11 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 349—358
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Sara Shamim,1 Yvette Lena Margareta Andresen,1 Henriette Vind Thaysen,2 Ida Hovdenak Jakobsen,2 Jannie Nielsen,1 Anne Kjaergaard Danielsen,1 Hanne Konradsen1
1Department of Gastroenterology, Herlev and Gentofte University Hospital, Herlev, Denmark; 2Department of Gastrosurgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
Correspondence: Hanne Konradsen
Herlev and Gentofte University Hospital, Borgmester Ib Juulsvej, Herlev, 2730, Denmark
Introduction: Colonoscopy remains the reference standard for diagnosing and monitoring colorectal cancer and for diagnosis and surveillance of inflammatory bowel disease. However, there is a limited knowledge of the patients’ needs when undergoing colonoscopy and the challenges within in order to reduce the number of cancelled colonoscopies. The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences of undergoing bowel preparation and colonoscopy.
Methods: The study was designed as a qualitative longitudinal interview study with an inductive research approach. Patients were considered for inclusion consecutively and selected based on the following criteria of variation: way of referral for colonoscopy (outpatient or screening), age and gender. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis, and results reported according to COREQ guidelines.
Results: Based on the findings, three categories emerged: To weigh up participation, A greater challenge than expected, and Not so challenging after all. Throughout these categories, the experience of uncertainty was reported.
Discussion: The process of undergoing bowel preparation and colonoscopy was influenced by uncertainty due to insufficient information. There is a need to strengthen the patient-centered care by adjusting the information to patient’s needs to better support them in decision-making for participation, to better prepare them for the bowel preparation and to better prepare them for the procedure. In addition, it is vital that patients are provided with results of the colonoscopy that correspond to the timeframe specified in written information.
Keywords: colonoscopy, patient experience, qualitative
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