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Exosomal circ_IFT80 Enhances Tumorigenesis and Suppresses Radiosensitivity in Colorectal Cancer by Regulating miR-296-5p/MSI1 Axis

Authors Li L, Jiang Z, Zou X, Hao T

Received 12 December 2020

Accepted for publication 2 February 2021

Published 24 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 1929—1941


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Liang Li,1 Zhipeng Jiang,2 Xiangcai Zou,3 Tengfei Hao1

1Department of Digestive Medicine Center, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Liang Li Tel +86-0755-81207006

Background: Exosomal circular RNAs (circRNAs) can act as biomarkers and play crucial roles in colorectal cancer (CRC) and radiosensitivity. The aim of this study was to explore the functions and regulatory mechanism of exosomal circRNA intraflagellar transport 80 (circ_IFT80) in tumorigenesis and radiosensitivity of CRC.
Methods: Exosomes were detected using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Protein levels were determined by Western blot assay. The expression of circ_IFT80, microRNA-296-5p (miR-296-5p) and musashi1 (MSI1) was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell cycle distribution, cell apoptosis, and cell proliferation were detected by flow cytometry and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, respectively. Colony formation assay was used to determine the radiosensitivity of cells. The interaction between miR-296-5p and circ_IFT80 or MSI1 was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. A xenograft tumor model was established to explore the role of exosomal circ_IFT80 in vivo.
Results: Circ_IFT80 was upregulated in exosomes derived from CRC patient serum and CRC cells. Exosomal circ_IFT80 or circ_IFT80 overexpression facilitated tumorigenesis by increasing cell proliferation and reducing apoptosis, and inhibited radiosensitivity via promoting colony formation and inhibiting apoptosis. Additionally, circ_IFT80 acted as a sponge of miR-296-5p, and miR-296-5p reversed the effects of circ_IFT80 on tumorigenesis and radiosensitivity. Moreover, MSI1 was a direct target of miR-296-5p. Furthermore, miR-296-5p overexpression inhibited tumorigenesis and promoted radiosensitivity by downregulating MSI1. Exosomal circ_IFT80 also accelerated tumor growth in vivo.
Conclusion: Exosomal circ_IFT80 promoted tumorigenesis and reduced radiosensitivity by regulating miR-296-5p/MSI1 axis, which might provide a novel avenue for treatment of CRC.

Keywords: colorectal cancer, exosomes, circ_IFT80, miR-296-5p, MSI1

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