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Exercise during adjuvant treatment for colorectal cancer: treatment completion, treatment-related toxicities, body composition, and serum level of adipokines

Authors Shim YJ, Kim HJ, Oh SC, Lee SI, Choi SW

Received 14 March 2019

Accepted for publication 13 May 2019

Published 11 June 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 5403—5412


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li

Yoo Jin Shim,1* Hong Jun Kim,2* Sang Cheul Oh,3 Sun Il Lee,4 Seung Wook Choi1

1Department of Sports and Leisure, Sungshin Women’s University, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02844, Republic of Korea; 2Division of Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Dong-dae-mun-gu, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea; 3Division of Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital, Guro-gu, Seoul 08308, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Guro-gu, Seoul 08308, Republic of Korea

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the beneficial effect of exercise on completion rates of adjuvant treatment, which is one of the major prognostic factors among patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer after undergoing curative resection followed by adjuvant treatment.
Design: Prospective pilot study
Methods: We assigned patients who were scheduled to undergo adjuvant treatment (N=39) to the exercise group or the control group in a 2:1 ratio in the order of enrollment. Patients completed questionnaires and underwent assessment of the outcome variables at the start of chemotherapy and upon completion of treatment.
Results: A fivefold lower possibility of dose adjustment in the exercise group compared to the control group was demonstrated (OR, 0.188; p=0.023; 95% CI, 0.044–0.793). A significantly smaller proportion of the exercise group had grade 3 or 4 nausea (p=0.018) and neurotoxicity (P=0.024) symptoms. Muscle to fat ratios were significantly reduced in the control group (p=0.039), but not in the exercise group (p=0.742). Serum levels of leptin were significantly increased in the control group (p=0.038), but not in the exercise group (p=0.073). Serum levels of adiponectin were significantly increased in the exercise group (p=0.026) but tended to be decreased in the control group with no statistical significance (p=0.418).
Conclusions: Exercise training among patients with colorectal cancer was found to have a beneficial impact on adjuvant treatment completion rates and treatment-associated toxicities. This program was also shown to be beneficial to patients’ body compositions and serum levels of adipokines.

Keywords: exercise, chemotherapy, adjuvant, chemoradiotherapy, adjuvant, colorectal neoplasms, body composition, adipokines

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