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Examining How Formal Leadership Development Programs Positively Influence Hospital Leaders’ Individual Competencies and Organizational Outcomes – An Evidence-Based Literature Review

Authors Flaig J, Alam A, Huynh J, Reid-Hector J, Heuer A

Received 22 November 2019

Accepted for publication 10 March 2020

Published 7 August 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 69—83


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Russell Taichman

John Flaig, Arzina Alam, Jimmy Huynh, Janet Reid-Hector, Albert Heuer

Rutgers School of Health Professions, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies Newark, NJ 07950, USA

Correspondence: John Flaig 36842 Red Berry Road, Delmar, DE 19940, USA
Tel +1 443-735-7497
Arzina Alam
Rutgers University, 1305 Joesph Court, South Plainfield, NJ 07080, USA
Tel +1 732-881-7306

Background: Leadership development programs (LDPs) are known to be educational and valuable, yet time consuming and costly for a healthcare organization and participants alike. This study is aimed to determine the impact that participation in a formal LDP has on hospital managers and leaders’ competencies, as well as to identify the positive organizational outcomes that can be achieved.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a literature review focusing on hospital managers and leaders who participated in formal LDPs. From there, we extracted data to determine the outcomes achieved by participating in LDPs.
Results: The search yielded 7420 articles, of which 23 articles were used for this literature review. Overall, there were a wide range of positive outcomes for participants of LDPs and some outcomes appeared more frequently than others. The beneficial outcome that appeared most frequently was that participants were able to gain knowledge of management and leadership roles and responsibilities which appeared 13 times. An increase in participant’s confidence and communication skills appeared 10 times, respectively. The ability to network with others within the organization and an increase in job positivity and satisfaction appeared 7 times each.
Discussion: LDPs provided an array of positive outcomes for hospital leaders who had participated. However, there was a lack of studies on the topic and more research is needed in order to have a better understanding of the correlation between LDPs and beneficial organizational outcomes.

Keywords: hospital manager, hospital leader, LDP, leadership development program, beneficial outcome, organizational outcomes

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