Evaluation of ultraviolet light toxicity on cultured retinal pigment epithelial and retinal ganglion cells
Sankarathi Balaiya, Ravi K Murthy, Vikram S Brar, Kakarla V Chalam
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USA
Purpose: Our study is aimed at evaluating the role of UVB light in inducing cytotoxicity in an in vitro model.
Methods: RGC-5 and ARPE-19 cells were exposed to different time periods of UVB light: 0, 15, 30, and 45 min. They were subsequently examined for changes in cell morphology, cell viability (neutral red uptake assay), generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), expression of bax, bcl-2 and cytochome C by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively.
Results: Dose-dependent reduction in cell viability to UVB light was demonstrated with parallel increase in ROS. Increased duration of exposure (>15 minutes), was associated with increased expression of bax and cytochrome C, and absence of bcl-2 expression.
Conclusion: UVB light exposure results in cell cytotoxicity. The concomitant generation of ROS and expression of apoptotic markers suggests the role of oxidative stress in UVB-mediated apoptosis in an in vitro model of retinal ganglion and pigment epithelial cells.
Keywords: ultraviolet light, retinal pigment epithelium, retinal ganglion cell, reactive oxygen species, cytochrome C
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