Evaluation of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery intraocular lens calculator for eyes with prior radial keratotomy
David L DeMill, Maylon Hsu, Majid Moshirfar
John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) intraocular lens (IOL) calculator for eyes with prior radial keratotomy and assess the accuracy of its methods in predicting IOL power in patients with previous radial keratotomy.
Methods: This retrospective study included data from 15 eyes with previous radial keratotomy and subsequent cataract surgery. The average central power and Humphrey Atlas methods from the ASCRS IOL calculator, along with an average IOL power produced from an average of these two methods (ASCRS average), were compared. Primary outcome measures for each method were mean arithmetic and absolute IOL prediction error, variance in mean arithmetic IOL prediction error, and the percentage of refractive outcomes within ±0.50, ±1.00, ±1.50, and ±2.00 diopters (D).
Results: The average central power method and the ASCRS average were significantly more accurate than the Humphrey Atlas method in terms of mean absolute IOL prediction error (1.03 D and 1.02 D versus 1.53; P = 0.04 and P = 0.01, respectively). In addition, the average central power method and ASCRS average produced a higher percentage of refractive outcomes within ±0.50 D when compared with the Humphrey Atlas method (60% and 46.67% versus 0%, respectively). A comparison of the average central power method and the ASCRS average demonstrated a smaller variance and higher percentage of patients within ±1.00 D when using the ASCRS average.
Conclusion: The ASCRS calculator for eyes with prior radial keratotomy is an easily accessible and valuable online tool for calculating IOL power in patients with previous radial keratotomy. We found that the ASCRS average produced by the calculator provided the best IOL prediction. We recommend using it with the addition of 1.00 to 1.50 D to its IOL power prediction.
Keywords: radial keratotomy, cataract, intraocular lens calculator, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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