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Evaluation of contrast sensitivity and other visual function outcomes in neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients after treatment switch to aflibercept from ranibizumab

Authors Nixon DR, Flinn NAP

Received 30 December 2016

Accepted for publication 21 March 2017

Published 18 April 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 715—721

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S131343

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Donald R Nixon, Nicholas AP Flinn

Trimed Eye Center, Barrie, ON, Canada

Purpose: This study evaluated visual function and anatomic and vision-related quality-of-life outcomes in recalcitrant neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) subjects switched to aflibercept (Eylea®) from ranibizumab (Lucentis®).
Methods: In a single-center study conducted in Barrie, ON, 40 patients with persistent fluid despite previous ranibizumab treatment were switched to aflibercept with 3 consecutive monthly doses. Main outcome measure was mean change from baseline to week 12 in Pelli–Robson contrast sensitivity (CS). Secondary outcomes were mean change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), and National Eye Institute 25-Item Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) score. A two-sided paired t-test was used in the statistical data analysis to compare the means of continuous variables.
Results: Forty-nine eyes (baseline visual acuity [VA] >6/120) were evaluated. Ranibizumab injections (mean ± standard deviation [SD] 28.2±22.1 [range 3–86]) were administered prior to treatment switch. Mean CS improved from 1.32 at baseline to 1.40 log units at week 12. VA was stable throughout. Mean CRT decreased from 354 µm at baseline to 332 µm at week 12 (-22 µm, P=0.004). Twenty-six (65%) patients experienced an overall improvement in NEI VFQ-25 score. Interestingly, a correlation was observed between improvement in log CS and CRT change (P=0.000046).
Conclusion: Contrast sensitivity improved statistically and significantly, and CRT decreased from baseline to week 12 after a switch to aflibercept from ranibizumab. Analysis of CS as an independent outcome end point in neovascular AMD treatment switch studies may provide a more complete understanding of visual response.

Keywords:
contrast sensitivity, neovascular age-related macular degeneration, aflibercept, ranibizumab, NEI VFQ-25

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