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Evaluating the Usefulness of Lab-Based Test for the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children

Authors Tarhani F, Nezami A, Heidari G

Received 11 February 2020

Accepted for publication 14 May 2020

Published 27 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 243—247


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Fariba Tarhani, Alireza Nezami, Ghobad Heidari

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Correspondence: Ghobad Heidari
Department of Pediatrics, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of the results of routine laboratory tests for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children in Khorramabad.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study and was performed on 650 children with pneumonia who were referred to Shahid Madani Hospital. From patients’ test results, the following data were recorded: whether the results were normal or not, age, sex, serotype, history of diabetes mellitus, and the presence of urinary and digestive tract symptoms.
Results: There was no difference in the prevalence of pneumonia, gender-wise, whereas 40% of the patients were under 2 years. In addition, 53.7% of the patients were presented with leukocytosis. From the blood test, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium, and potassium were normal in most of the patients. Stool examination, urine analysis, urine culture, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and blood sugar were also normal in these patients.
Conclusion: Children under the age of 2 years are more susceptible to lung infections. Findings from blood tests such as leukocytosis are useful for making initial diagnosis other than computed tomography scan. Other lab tests might not give any useful results. In addition, a closer examination of the urinary system and digestive tract involvement is recommended, prior to urine or stool analysis.

Keywords: pneumonia, children, serum analysis, WBC count, blood glucose, digestive tract

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