Evaluating the impact of a home-based rehabilitation service on older people and their caregivers: a matched-control quasi-experimental study
Authors Lee IFK, Yau FN, Yim SSH, Lee DTF
Received 2 May 2018
Accepted for publication 3 July 2018
Published 12 September 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 1727—1737
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Zhi-Ying Wu
Iris Fung-Kam Lee,1 Felix Ngok Yau,2 Sally Suk-Ha Yim,2 Diana Tze-Fan Lee1
1The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region; 2Nethersole Outreaching Rehabilitation Mission, Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Charity Foundation, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region
Introduction: Previous studies evaluating home-based rehabilitation service (HBRS) merely focused on the period immediately after the patients’ discharge from hospitals. The present study focuses on HBRS that covers clients who have not been recently hospitalized. HBRS aims to meet older clients’ rehabilitation needs and support their caregivers in the community. This study intended to evaluate the impact of HBRS on the older clients’ health outcomes and hospital services utilization, and caregivers’ strain in providing care for clients.
Methods: This study used a matched-control quasi-experimental design with a 3-month follow-up to evaluate HBRS. The health outcome measures used for the older clients included Elderly Mobility Scale, Timed Up and Go test, Modified Barthel Index, Lawton’s Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale, Mini-Mental State Examination, and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale, Short Form, Hong Kong version (WHOQOL-BREF [HK]). Meanwhile, the Caregiver Strain Index was used to measure the caregivers’ caregiving strain. Data on clients’ hospital services utilization 3 and 6 months before and after the study were also collected and evaluated.
Results: The final sample consisted of 122 pairs of older clients and caregivers who live in a community in Hong Kong. In the follow-up after 3 months, the intervention group showed immensely substantial improvements across all the health outcome measures compared with the control group. The intervention group also demonstrated substantial reduction in the clients’ hospital services utilization compared with the control group. However, no significant differences in the clients’ hospital services utilization exist between the two groups in the follow-up after 6 months.
Conclusion: HBRS of this study is an effective intervention service to improve health outcomes and reduce hospital services utilization among older people living in the community. Moreover, HBRS of this study was effective in reducing the caregivers’ caregiving strain.
Keywords: elderly, community, Elderly Mobility Scale, Caregiver Strain Index, hospital services utilization
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