Eudragit nanoparticles containing genistein: formulation, development, and bioavailability assessment
Jingling Tang2, Na Xu1,2, Hongyu Ji1, Hongmei Liu1, Zhiyong Wang1, Linhua Wu1,2
1Department of Pharmacy, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Key Laboratory of College in Heilongjiang Province; 2Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Background: Genistein, one of the major isoflavones, has received great attention as a phytoestrogen and potential cancer chemoprevention agent. However, the dissolution and bioavailability of genistein from solid oral preparations is low due to its poor water solubility.
Methods: In order to improve the oral bioavailability of genistein, genistein nanoparticles were prepared by the nanoprecipitation technique using Eudragit® E100 as carriers and an optimized formulation of mass ratio (genistein:Eudragit E100, 1:10). The mean particle size of genistein nanoparticles was approximately 120 nm when diluted 100 times with distilled water. The drug-loaded nanoparticles were spherical on observation by transmission electric microscopy.
Results: Encapsulation efficiency and drug loading of the genistein nanoparticles were approximately 50.61% and 5.02%, respectively. Release of drug from the genistein nanoparticles was two times greater than that from the conventional capsules. After administration of genistein suspension or genistein nanoparticles at a single dose of 100 mg/kg to fasted rats, the relative bioavailability of genistein from the nanoparticles compared with the reference suspension was 241.8%.
Conclusion: These results suggested that a nanoparticle system is a potentially promising formulation for the efficient delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs by oral administration.
Keywords: bioavailability, dissolution, genistein, nanoparticles, nanoprecipitation technique
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