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Etiology of Uveitis in Upper Egypt

Authors Abd El Latif E, Nooreldin A, Shikhoun Ahmed M, Elmoddather M, El Gendy W

Received 20 November 2020

Accepted for publication 8 January 2021

Published 18 January 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 195—199


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Eiman Abd El Latif,1 Asaad Nooreldin,2 Mohammed Shikhoun Ahmed,3 Mohamed Elmoddather,2 Wael El Gendy4

1Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Sohag Teaching Hospital, Sohag, Egypt; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Memorial Institute for Ophthalmic Research (MIOR), Giza, Egypt

Correspondence: Eiman Abd El Latif 5 Soliman Mahmoud Street, Cleopatra 12311, Alexandria, Egypt
Tel +211 4867-2963

Purpose: To report the causes of uveitis in a referral ocular inflammation clinic in Upper Egypt.
Methods: Retrospective medical chart review of all uveitis cases visiting a referral uveitis clinic during the period between January 2015 and January 2020.
Results: A total of 982 patients were included. Uveitis was bilateral in 51.7% of the patients. Anterior uveitis was the most common type, followed by posterior uveitis, affecting 34.4% and 25.6% of the study cohort, respectively. About one-third of our patients were beneath the age of 18, and among that group, no specific etiology of uveitis could be determined in about a quarter of the patients by the end of the study period, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis was the most common disease entity.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the present report attempted to illustrate the most common causes of uveitis in Upper Egypt. Tuberculosis followed by sarcoidosis were the two leading causes of uveitis in our group of patients.

Keywords: Egypt, uveitis, tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, idiopathic

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