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Etiology, Clinical Features, And Short-Term Outcome Of Seizures In Newborns Admitted To The University Of Gondar Hospital, Ethiopia

Authors Amare HT, Amare AT

Received 22 August 2019

Accepted for publication 27 September 2019

Published 18 October 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 107—113


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Roosy Aulakh

Hailu Tazebew Amare, Ashenafi Tazebew Amare

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Gondar, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gondar, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Ashenafi Tazebew Amare
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, P.O. Box 196, Bekafa Street, Gondar, Ethiopia
Tel + 251-913-16-47-22
Email [email protected]

Background: Neonatal seizures are the most common neurological dysfunction in the neonatal period. Neonatal seizure patterns and short-term neurologic outcomes, particularly in the Ethiopian context, have not been adequately studied.
Objective: The main aim of this study is to assess the pattern, probable etiology, short-term outcomes, and determinants of neonatal seizures in the neonatal intensive care unit of Gondar University Specialized Comprehensive Hospital.
Methods: A hospital-based prospective observational cohort study was conducted from October 1, 2016, to September 30, 2018.
Results: Among the 117 neonates enrolled, the most common type of neonatal seizure was subtle (60.6%), followed by tonic (15.4%), and clonic (12.8%) seizures. The most common etiology for the seizure was perinatal asphyxia (PNA) with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE; 74.4%) followed by electrolyte disturbances (12.8%). In the follow-up, 23 (19.7%) died during the acute neonatal illness. The most common cause of death was PNA with HIE, accounting for 73.9% of the deaths. Among the surviving newborns, 10 (10.6%) had neurodevelopmental deficits at discharge. Being a multiparous mother (OR= 0.172; 95% CI: 0.033, 0.880), being female (OR= 0.171; 95% CI: 0.055, 0.538), and having tonic (OR= 0.164; 95% CI: 0.030, 0.885) and myoclonic seizures (OR= 0.040; 95% CI: 0.055, 0.538) were significantly associated with mortality poor short-term outcome.
Conclusion: Subtle seizures were the most common seizure semiology. The most common etiology for seizure was PNA with HIE. Parity, gestational age, neonatal sex, and seizure type were determinants of short-term outcomes.

Keywords: hypoxia-ischemic encephalopathy, neonatal seizures, newborn, etiology, mortality

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