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Ethical perspectives on combating sex trafficking in Nepal

Authors Rijal A, Adhikari TB, Aro AR

Received 3 May 2016

Accepted for publication 15 June 2016

Published 16 August 2016 Volume 2016:6 Pages 3—7

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/MB.S111877

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Carlo V Carlo bellieni

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Bethany Spielman


Anupa Rijal, Tara Ballav Adhikari, Arja R Aro

Unit for Health Promotion Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark

Abstract: Sex trafficking, where individuals are traded for sex purposes and abused sexually, physically, mentally, and economically leading to repercussions in individual liberty, social life, and health and well-being, is one of the worst forms of infringement of human rights. Despite the growing global concern against sex trafficking, thousands of individuals, mostly girls and women, are trafficked annually, especially from low- and middle-income countries like Nepal. This article discusses the public health issues related to sex trafficking and the different ethical approaches – libertarianism, paternalism, stewardship, and virtue ethics – on perspectives concerning combating sex trafficking in Nepal. Along with the legal standpoint, awareness-raising activities, transit monitoring, and limited rehabilitative programs, Nepal also needs to enhance its stewardship approaches by addressing the gender-sensitive nature of the problem through empowerment and livelihood programs for girls and women from vulnerable communities to combat sex trafficking effectively.

Keywords: women, exploitation, public health, libertarianism, paternalism, stewardship, Nepal

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