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Epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: links, risks, and challenges

Authors Williams A, Giust J, Kronenberger W, Dunn D

Received 19 September 2015

Accepted for publication 8 December 2015

Published 9 February 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 287—296

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S81549

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Xiang Mou

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder


Amy E Williams, Julianne M Giust, William G Kronenberger, David W Dunn

Department of Psychiatry, Riley Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indiana University Health Physicians, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Abstract: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence rate of 7%–9% in the general population of children. However, in children with epilepsy, ADHD has been found to be present in 20%–50% of patients. This paper provides a review of ADHD prevalence in pediatric epilepsy populations and reviews data on specific symptom presentation and attention deficits in patients with epilepsy. This paper also reviews evidence-based treatments for ADHD and specifically the treatment of ADHD as a comorbid condition in children with epilepsy.

Keywords: ADHD, epilepsy, seizure disorder, children

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