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Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a descriptive study in the mid-western region of Nepal

Authors Bhandari R, Sharma

Received 26 November 2011

Accepted for publication 9 February 2012

Published 4 April 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 253—257


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Ramjee Bhandari1, Rajan Sharma2

1Health Research and Social Development Forum, 2Integrated Rural Health Development Training Center, Kathmandu, Nepal

Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the distribution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in terms of time, place, and person among inpatients at the Mid Western Regional Hospital (MWRH) in Nepal.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out by analyzing trends using secondary data for the fiscal years 2006–2009 in the inpatient department of the MWRH.
Results: The majority of patients admitted for treatment of COPD were women (60%) and from higher ethnic groups (having a comparative advantage in terms of social and economic status), with a greater prevalence among those aged 60–69 years (37% of overall cases). The incidence of COPD increased in consecutive years, with the highest load during the winter months. The cases were most concentrated in places with easiest access to the hospital.
Conclusion: COPD was found in higher proportions among women, those aged 60–69 years, and upper caste groups, during the cold months, and among residents of areas near the hospital in the mid-western region of Nepal. It is recommended that further detailed research and health education regarding COPD be carried out to reduce its burden and associated losses.

Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Mid Western Regional Hospital, Surkhet, trend

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