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Enucleation following treatment with intravenous pentamidine for Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis

Authors Rebecca A Kuennen, Reynell Harder Smith, Thomas F Mauger, et al

Published 30 September 2010 Volume 2010:4 Pages 1145—1149

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S13831

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Rebecca A Kuennen, Reynell Harder Smith, Thomas F Mauger, Elson Craig
Department of Ophthalmology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Purpose: To describe the course and outcome of treatment of advanced Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis with intravenous pentamidine.
Methods: A case of advanced Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis was resistant to conventional therapy and was treated with intravenous pentamidine. The eye was later removed due to incapacitating pain.
Results: The eye showed Acanthamoeba organisms within the cornea and evidence of acute and chronic inflammation throughout the remainder of the eye. The patient has survived without orbital recurrence for 2 years.
Conclusions: This case demonstrates late inflammation with active Acanthameoba keratitis following systemic pentamidine therapy.

Keywords: keratitis, scleritis

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