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Enhanced pharmacological activity of Vitamin B12 and Penicillin as nanoparticles

Authors Yariv I, Lipovsky A, Gedanken A, Lubart R, Fixler D

Received 9 February 2015

Accepted for publication 18 March 2015

Published 15 May 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 3593—3601

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S82482

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster

Inbar Yariv,1 Anat Lipovsky,2 Aharon Gedanken,2,3 Rachel Lubart,4 Dror Fixler1

1Faculty of Engineering and the Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel; 2Department of Chemistry, Kanbar Laboratory for Nanomaterials, Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel; 3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 4Physics and Chemistry Department, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel

Abstract: Sonochemistry has become a well-known technique for fabricating nanomaterials. Since one of the advantages of nanomaterials is that they have higher chemical activities compared with particles in the bulk form, efforts are being made to produce nano organic compounds with enhanced biological activities that could be exploited in the medical area. This study uses the sonication technique to prepare nano Vitamin B12 and nano Penicillin, and demonstrates their enhanced biological and pharmacological activity. The size and morphology of the nano Penicillin and nano Vitamin B12 were investigated using electron microscopy as well as dynamic light scattering techniques. The sizes of Penicillin and Vitamin B12 nanoparticles (NPs) were found to be 70 and 120–180 nm, respectively. The bactericidal effect of nano Penicillin was studied and found to be higher than that of the bulk form. Reducing the size of Vitamin B12 resulted in their enhanced antioxidative activity as observed using the electron paramagnetic spectroscopy technique. The penetration depth of these organic NPs can be detected by an optical iterative method. It is believed that nano organic drugs fabrication will have a great impact on the medical field.

Keywords: sonochemistry, antibacterial, antioxidant, Vitamin B12, Penicillin, nanomaterials

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