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Engagement of Jordanian Physicians in Continuous Professional Development: Current Practices, Motivation, and Barriers

Authors Younes NA, AbuAlRub R, Alshraideh H, Abu-Helalah MA, Alhamss S, Qanno' O

Received 24 September 2019

Accepted for publication 20 November 2019

Published 24 December 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 475—483


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Nidal A Younes,1 Raeda AbuAlRub,2 Hussam Alshraideh,3,4 Munir A Abu-Helalah,5 Sohaib Alhamss,1 Omar Qanno’1

1Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; 2Department of Community and Mental Health, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Industrial Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 4Industrial Engineering Department, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE; 5Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mutah University, Alkarak, Jordan

Correspondence: Nidal A Younes Email

Background: Mandatory relicense of all physicians in Jordan went into effect at the beginning of May 2018. The bylaw states that all physicians should engage in Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in order to upgrade their knowledge and maintain competency as a prerequisite to renew their license every 5 years. The characteristics of effective CPD are different from one country to another. Jordan has decided to link CPD to mandatory relicense; however, no research has been done to identify the factors that influence CPD offerings, needs, practices, experiences, and effectiveness in the healthcare sector in Jordan. This paper reviews the history of CPD and CME, and the different options to upgrade and improve the competence of physicians. It explores the current practices, motivation, and barriers for physicians to get engaged in CPD activities in Jordan.
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to provide a better understanding of the state of CPD in the healthcare sector in Jordan with a view to informing the development of Jordan’s first CPD framework. The findings of this research will provide policymakers with baseline information concerning current CPD practices, experiences, and attitudes of physicians towards CPD, and enablers and contributors to effective CPD in Jordan.
Methods: Stratified clustered self-selected participants that represented physicians working at all healthcare sectors in Jordan were used in this study. A structured pre-tested self-reported questionnaire was used to collect the data. A total of 457 physicians were included in the sample according to one-proportion sample size calculation method, and they were distributed among the healthcare sectors based on their shared proportions.
Conclusion: Despite considerable evidence supporting the role of CPD in maintaining competency of physicians, participating in CPD activities in Jordan is compromised by lack of mandatory laws and barriers related to staff shortage, heavy workload, limited funds, lack of time, and cost. Personal interests and career progression are the top motivators for CPD. Most Jordanian physicians are interested in CPD activities related to health/medical informatics and enhancing their skills in evidence-informed practice. We recommend that future interventions and health policy directions should be informed by these findings in order to optimize uptake of CPD programs in Jordan.

Keywords: continuing professional development, continuing medical education, CPD, CME, accreditation, re-license, Jordan

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