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Endothelial function, blood pressure control, and risk modification: impact of irbesartan alone or in combination

Authors Derosa G, Salvadeo SA

Published 19 May 2010 Volume 2010:3 Pages 21—30

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IBPC.S6081

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Giuseppe Derosa, Sibilla AT Salvadeo

Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Abstract: Irbesartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist, is approved as monotherapy, or in combination with other drugs, for the treatment of hypertension in many countries worldwide. Data in the literature suggest that irbesartan is effective for reducing blood pressure over a 24-hour period with once-daily administration, and slows the progression of renal disease in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, irbesartan shows a good safety and tolerability profile, compared with angiotensin II inhibitors and other angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists. Thus, irbesartan appears to be a useful treatment option for patients with hypertension, including those with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy. Irbesartan has an inhibitory effect on the pressor response to angiotensin II and improves arterial stiffness, vascular endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation in hypertensive patients. There has been considerable interest recently in the renoprotective effect of irbesartan, which appears to be independent of reductions in blood pressure. In particular, mounting data suggests that irbesartan improves endothelial function, oxidative stress, and inflammation in the kidneys. Recent studies have highlighted a possible role for irbesartan in improving coronary artery inflammation and vascular dysfunction. In this review we summarize and comment on the most important data available with regard to antihypertensive effect, endothelial function improvement, and cardiovascular risk reduction with irbesartan.

Keywords: blood pressure, hypertension, endothelial function, irbesartan, antihypertensive drugs, combination therapy

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