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Endoscopic dissection of refractory pancreatic duct stricture via accessory pancreatic duct approach for concurrent treatment of anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction in aging patients

Authors Wang T, Liu DQ, Wen XD, Zhang BY, Liu WH

Received 16 October 2018

Accepted for publication 13 January 2019

Published 12 March 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 557—563


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Zhi-Ying Wu

Tao Wang,1,2,* Dan-qing Liu,1,2,* Xu-dong Wen,2,* Bing-yin Zhang,1,2,* Wei-hui Liu1

1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province 610072, China; 2Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, General Surgery Center of PLA, Chengdu Military General Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province 610083, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Although endoscopic management of pancreatic strictures by dilation and stenting is well established, some high-grade strictures are refractory to conventional methods. Here, we report a novel technique via accessory pancreatic duct (APD) approach to simultaneously release chronic pancreatitis-associated pancreatic stricture and correct anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction (APBJ). Due to APBJ and stricture of proximal main pancreatic duct, the APD turned out to be compensatory expansion. The stiff stenosis was dissected along the axial of APD using needle-knife electrocautery or holmium laser ablation, and then the supporting stent was placed into the pancreatic body duct. By doing so, the outflow channels of pancreatic and biliary ducts were exquisitely separated.
Patients and methods: Two patients aged 69 and 71 years underwent stricture dissection and stent insertion for fluent drainage of pancreatic juice. The postoperative course was marked by complete abdominal pain relief and normal blood amylase recovery. In the first patient, wire-guided needle-knife electrocautery under fluoroscopic control was applied to release refractory stricture. The second patient was treated by SpyGlass pancreatoscopy-guided holmium laser ablation to lift pancreatic stricture.
Results: Plastic stents in APD were removed at 3 months after surgery, and magnetic resonance imaging at 6 months showed strictly normal aspect of the pancreatic duct.
Conclusion: Although both cases were successful without severe complications, we recommend this approach only for selected patients with short refractory pancreatic strictures due to chronic pancreatitis. In order to prevent severe complications (bleeding, perforation or pancreatitis), direct-view endoscopy-guided electrotomy needs to be developed.

Keywords: needle-knife electrocautery, holmium laser ablation, pancreatic duct stricture, anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction (APBJ), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

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