Back to Journals » International Journal of General Medicine » Volume 7

Endoscopic alterations in a cohort of hemodialysis patients: a cross-sectional study

Authors Bacci MR, Russo FT, Carvalho GD, Chehter EZ, Jordao VC, Fonseca FL

Received 9 June 2014

Accepted for publication 30 June 2014

Published 16 September 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 459—461

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S68999

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

MR Bacci,1 FT Russo,1 GD Carvalho,1 EZ Chehter,2 VC Jordao,1 FL Fonseca1

1Department of General Practice, 2Department of Gastroenterology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (ABC Medical School), Santo André, Brazil

Introduction: Although the association between chronic kidney disease and dyspepsia is widely known, it remains poorly investigated. Among the types of gastric inflammation that lead to symptoms, erosive antral gastritis is the most common form. A direct correlation between the urea serum levels and the time in hemodialysis with the onset of gastric metaplasia and dyspepsia can be observed. The aim of this study was to report the endoscopic alterations found in hemodialysis patients.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on the medical records of 95 patients older than 18 years who were diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. The results of endoscopies performed up to 6 months before the beginning of the study were included.
Results: Among the 95 studied patients, 56.84% were male, 60% were Caucasian, and 71.57% used proton pump inhibitors. The endoscopic alteration most frequently observed was erosive gastritis (77% of the cases); however, the frequency of the alteration that caused the symptoms was irrelevant. The antrum was the most common site of involvement (55.79%).
Conclusion: Patients with chronic kidney disease often show dyspeptic symptoms. Other abnormalities are common but are not correlated with such symptoms. In conclusion, this study identified the endoscopic alterations that are most often observed in hemodialysis patients; erosive and enanthematous gastritis were the most common forms observed.

Keywords: hemodialysis, chronic kidney disease, dyspepsia

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other article by this author:

Hemodialysis and hepatitis B vaccination: a challenge to physicians

Ayub MA, Bacci MR, Fonseca FL, Chehter EZ

International Journal of General Medicine 2014, 7:109-114

Published Date: 3 February 2014

Readers of this article also read:

Emerging and future therapies for hemophilia

Carr ME, Tortella BJ

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:245-255

Published Date: 3 September 2015

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010