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Endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy: a literature review of incidence, causative organisms, and treatment outcomes

Authors Dave V, Pathengay A, Schwartz S, Flynn Jr H

Received 17 July 2014

Accepted for publication 9 August 2014

Published 31 October 2014 Volume 2014:8 Pages 2183—2188


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Vivek Pravin Dave,1 Avinash Pathengay,2 Stephen G Schwartz,3 Harry W Flynn Jr3

1Smt Kanuri Santhamma Center for Vitreoretinal Diseases, 2Vitreo-Retina and Uveitis Service, LV Prasad Eye Institute, GMR Varalakshmi Campus, Visakhapatnam, India; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA

Abstract: Endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy is a very uncommon cause of endophthalmitis. Cases reported over the last decade show a decrease in incidence over time. To optimize visual outcome, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. In this review we report a summary of the incidence of endophthalmitis following vitrectomy, various risk factors for their occurrence, the microbiological profile and the visual outcomes post treatment.

Keywords: endophthalmitis, pars plana vitrectomy, visual outcome, prophylaxis, risk factors, sutureless vitrectomy

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