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Emodin alleviates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by inhibiting gasdermin D-mediated pyroptosis in cardiomyocytes

Authors Ye B, Chen X, Dai S, Han J, Liang X, Lin S, Cai X, Huang Z, Huang W

Received 21 November 2018

Accepted for publication 12 February 2019

Published 25 March 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 975—990

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S195412

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Jianbo Sun


Bozhi Ye,1,* Xudong Chen,1,* Shanshan Dai,2 Jibo Han,3 Xiaohe Liang,1 Shuang Lin,1 Xueli Cai,1 Zhouqing Huang,1 Weijian Huang1

1Department of Cardiology, The Key Lab of Cardiovascular Disease of Wenzhou, The First Affiliated Hospital of WenZhou Medical University, WenZhou, ZheJiang, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Emergency, The First Affiliated Hospital of WenZhou Medical University, WenZhou, ZheJiang, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Cardiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, ZheJiang, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Emodin has recently been reported to have a powerful antiinflammatory effect, protecting the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Pyroptosis is a proinflammatory programmed cell death that is related to many diseases. The present study investigated the effect of emodin on pyroptosis in cardiomyocytes.
Materials and methods: Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham, I/R, and I/R+Emodin groups. I/R model was subjected to 30 minutes’ ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery, followed by 2 hours of reperfusion. Cardiomyocytes were exposed to hypoxic conditions for 1 hour and normoxic conditions for 2 hours. The level of the pyroptosis was detected by Western blot, real-time PCR analysis, and ELISA.
Results: The level of gasdermin D-N domains was upregulated in cardiomyocytes during I/R or hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) treatment. Moreover, emodin increased the rate of cell survival in vitro and decreased the myocardial infarct size in vivo via suppressing the levels of I/R-induced pyroptosis. Additionally, the expression of TLR4, MyD88, phospho-IκBα, phospho-NF-κB, and the NLRP3 inflammasome was significantly upregulated in cardiomyocytes subjected to H/R treatment, while emodin suppressed the expression of these proteins.
Conclusion: This study confirms that emodin treatment was able to alleviate myocardial I/R injury and inhibit pyroptosis in vivo and in vitro. The inhibitory effect of emodin on pyroptosis was mediated by suppressing the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. Therefore, emodin may provide an alternative treatment for myocardial I/R injury.

Keywords: emodin, ischemia/reperfusion injury, gasdermin D, pyroptosis, heart
 

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