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Emerging role of brain metastases in the prognosis of breast cancer patients

Authors

Hambrecht A, Jandial R, Neman J

Published 10 August 2011 Volume 2011:3 Pages 79—91

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/BCTT.S19967

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Amanda Hambrecht1,2, Rahul Jandial2, Josh Neman2
1Department of Biology, University of Southern California; 2Department of Neurosurgery, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope National Cancer Center, CA, USA

Abstract: Cancer starts with one rogue cell. Through mutations and genomic alterations, the cell acquires specific and stem cell-like characteristics necessary for invasion of a distant organ and ultimately metastasis. Metastatic brain cancer is a particularly formidable disease because of its poor prognosis and the highly resistant nature of the tumor to chemotherapy. Although several types of primary tumors have a tendency to metastasize to the brain, the incidence of brain metastases has increased dramatically in some subsets of breast cancer patients. Several conventional treatments are available, but success is limited and often short-lived. Given that no standard treatment options exist, there is a significant need to investigate the biology of these clinically recalcitrant tumors.

Keywords: metastasis, breast cancer, blood-brain barrier, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, mesenchymal-epithelial transition

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